PLANT OF THE WEEK #61: Chimonanthus praecox

Plants that belong to June.  They’re rare.  

Wintersweet (Chimonanthus praecox) didn’t need this value of rarity to make it worth growing.  The perfume alone does that.  But that it truly belongs to June – the dead month – the month between the final death of one season and the birth of the next – adds enormously to its value.

My earliest memory of wintersweet goes back to a large old shrub in the botany system garden at Melbourne Uni (started, curiously, by Prof. Frederick McCoy in 1856.  No relation as far as I know) in the mid 80’s.  It was the perfume, of course, that brought it to my attention.  It’s a hard scent to pin down.  It’s complex and blended, as if someone’s added a drop of this, taken a sniff, then added a drop of that until they achieved an elusive – almost mystical – balance.  It’s warm, like wallflowers.  It’s sweet, like freesias.  And there’s a note of assertion, like jonquils.  

It’s kind of fitting that this other-worldly perfume arises from a very humble, unprepossessing flower.  Mostly these are of a dirty yellow, hanging with inelegant insistence from leafless twigs of graceless angularity.  At best you could describe the blooms as looking like they’re formed of wax.  At worst you could think that they put you in mind of the semi-transparency of a lettuce that you’ve found frozen at the back of the fridge.  There’s a kind of water-logged look about them.

But none of that matters.  What matters is the perfume.  In June.

The curiously woven, or netted, seed pods. You can easily grow your own!

In leaf, throughout the summer, this is a shrub you don’t really need to see.  The leaves have a raspy, slightly sand-papery quality that makes for a very flat green.  Consequently wintersweet is at its best at the back of a deep shrub border, or somewhere well out of the way.  Having said that, the most interesting use of it I’ve ever witnessed was as a wall shrub on a circular wall at Hestercombe, where strict training transformed it into something almost unrecognisable.

Wintersweet trained as a wall shrub at Hestercombe, Somerset

As far as I’m aware, all stock of wintersweet in Australia is seed grown.  This makes for a lot of variation in flower colour, quality and, so I’ve found to my chagrin, flowering times.  A plant I purchased about seven years ago, now quite large, doesn’t want to flower until late winter.  That offends my mostly well-founded conviction that wintersweet is a June thing.  It was in my past, and I insist that it remain so.  I’m on the hunt for a new one, and I’ll make sure it’s flowering when I buy it.  In June.

When does your wintersweet flower?

And do you hide it away, or have you managed to make it worth seeing?


  1. Michael your felicity of expression and powers of description are quite wondrous!
    My wintersweet grew so large under a bull Bay magnolia that I took a cutting and pulled it out to shed more light in that corner. Now waiting for the new one to flower safely at back of box walk/ Jill

    1. Was yours a June flowerer Jill?

  2. The wintersweet at Como House in South Yarra is in full flower in June. Another wonderful plant for winter scent which I have yet to find in Melbourne is Edgeworthia chrysantha.

    1. Hi Darren
      There is an Edgeworthia chrysantha at Burnley Gardens – it is in the section known as “the Winter Garden’. It was featured some time back in the Freinds of Burnley Gardens Plant of the Week on IG

  3. I love this plant, so glad you have featured it. Mine is just budding up now.
    Interesting that Darren mentions the one at Como House, I first came across this plant when I was doing my apprenticeship there.

  4. My Wintersweet started flowering 3 -4 weeks ago, in Benalla. I plan to take cuttings. Do you recommend Ibalso try saving some seed?

    1. As far as I know, it’s nearly impossible from cuttings. So try the cuttings, but sow some seed as well

  5. I’m in the Yarra Valley and mine is flowering now (July). However, it has no smell which is so disappointing. A friend who runs a wholesale nursery says it is because it was from a seedling and not grafted.

Leave a Comment

More Blog Posts

Pot wisdom

I love what they do with pots in the UK and through North America – the large, mixed pot thing, in which a whole lot of complementary plants are thrown in together, and jostle it out for the summer. ...

Affirmation from Middle Earth

Doubled up on the couch with a crippling, hacking cough on Sunday, and for want of anything better to do, I put on the DVD of Fellowship of the Ring.  There’s old Bilbo beginning his book of advent ...

PLANT OF THE WEEK #59: Eryngium giganteum ‘Miss Willmott’s Ghost’

If there’s something strange in your garden bed, who ya gonna call? Ghostbusters? Maybe.  Ellen Willmott, however, might be a better answer. Miss Willmott, so the story goes, liked to sprinkle seed ...